AQA Philosophy A2 Level

Moral Philosophy

How do people justify their actions? How do we understand truth and the application to morality? If truth is external to the individual how do we respond to it? If truth is internal from the individual how we know what is really true? How should we apply these to moral situation?

This part of the course will look at the concept that moral concepts can be understood as being objective. These moral concepts are external to the individual. We need to take account of how the individual is to then respond to these moral truths.


What types of moral truths are there?

6. Is there possibility of agreement over moral truths?

Key themes


  • If two people disagree over facts the easiest way to solve it is to highlight other conclusive facts
  • How do we do this with morality?
    • Hume? You can’t as the moral fact is merely the internal expressed
    • Cognitivist – not disagreeing over facts but disagreeing over reasons
      • Perhaps someone has made a mistake?
      • Or that person needs more moral development
      • Is that fair though as not always that the person will have a lack of moral understanding
      • If elitist then only a few people will ever gain full agreement
      • Too many influences from society on the individual in order to reach agreement.
      • Does that mean though it is theoretically possible, rather than practically