AQA Philosophy A2 Level

Moral Philosophy

How do people justify their actions? How do we understand truth and the application to morality? If truth is external to the individual how do we respond to it? If truth is internal from the individual how we know what is really true? How should we apply these to moral situation?

This part of the course will look at the concept that moral concepts can be understood as being objective. These moral concepts are external to the individual. We need to take account of how the individual is to then respond to these moral truths.


What types of moral truths are there?

3. Relational Morality

Key themes


  • ‘Truth about reasons’ is strange?
    • We need reasons even to do science
    • Aristotle claims certain facts about being human meant that a certain way of vying is the best
  • If reasons made up by us then subjective not objective?
    • Fact can happen independent of us (i.e. dinosaurs roamed earth millions of years ago)
    • Facts can be independent of us but still solely relate to us and our activity. I.e. love or music. There are facts about music but these facts only come about due to our creation of the facts. They are independent of our judgment
    • You can still make mistakes about whether a piece of music is baroque or classical
  • What we reason depends on us as individuals
    • Animal suffering is only a reason for me not to eat meat if I care about animals.
    • Reasons aren’t objective but subjective as based on desires