Naturalfacts Mill


AQA Philosophy A2 Level

Moral Philosophy

How do people justify their actions? How do we understand truth and the application to morality? If truth is external to the individual how do we respond to it? If truth is internal from the individual how we know what is really true? How should we apply these to moral situation?

This part of the course will look at the concept that moral concepts can be understood as being objective. These moral concepts are external to the individual. We need to take account of how the individual is to then respond to these moral truths.


What types of moral truths are there?

2. Based on natural facts!

Natural Facts – Mill


  • Natural fact = look at the world around you and understand something by studying it. A good example is Mill’s utilitarianism – “good” = “happiness”. Just is a natural fact! We aim at happiness/good as our end/purpose.
  • Not a proof but provides us with evidence from which we are able to make an argument.
  • “Questions about ends are… questions about what things are desirable”
  • Use the natural facts around us in order to make a moral decision.