Naturalfacts Hume


AQA Philosophy A2 Level

Moral Philosophy

How do people justify their actions? How do we understand truth and the application to morality? If truth is external to the individual how do we respond to it? If truth is internal from the individual how we know what is really true? How should we apply these to moral situation?

This part of the course will look at the concept that moral concepts can be understood as being objective. These moral concepts are external to the individual. We need to take account of how the individual is to then respond to these moral truths.


What types of moral truths are there?

2. Based on natural facts!

Natural Facts – Hume


  • Hume noticed there is a gap between describing facts and saying something had to be done. ‘this ought… expresses some new relation [of which it] seems altogether inconceivable, how this new relation can be deduction from others, which are entirely different from it’.
  • Moral maxim (belief in an external moral truth outside the subjective) allows for a ‘should’ to be inserted between the is/ought. However, requires a transcendent moral truth which leaves questions over where this comes from or whether this is just expression of personal belief. Question over whether Moral Maxim is subjective or objective