Knowledgeofmoralphil Recap


AQA Philosophy A2 Level

Moral Philosophy

How do people justify their actions? How do we understand truth and the application to morality? If truth is external to the individual how do we respond to it? If truth is internal from the individual how we know what is really true? How should we apply these to moral situation?

This part of the course will look at the concept that moral concepts can be understood as being objective. These moral concepts are external to the individual. We need to take account of how the individual is to then respond to these moral truths.


What types of moral truths are there?

5. How is knowledge of moral truth possible?

Key themes


  1. Plato: moral knowledge in the forms
  2. Aristotle: moral knowledge is knowledge of human flourishing and how to live well
  3. Reductionist interpretation of Mill:
    1. Knowledge that what is good is happiness
    2. Knowledge of what actions bring about the greatest happiness
  4. Moore: knowledge of the non-natural property of goodness
  5. Reasons-based theory – knowing what we have most moral reason to do!