2ndpropertiesanalogy 000


AQA Philosophy A2 Level

Moral Philosophy


How do people justify their actions? How do we understand truth and the application to morality? If truth is external to the individual how do we respond to it? If truth is internal from the individual how we know what is really true? How should we apply these to moral situation?

This part of the course will look at the concept that moral concepts can be understood as being objective. These moral concepts are external to the individual. We need to take account of how the individual is to then respond to these moral truths.

  Text Box: Morals exist outside individual

What types of moral truths are there?

4. Analogy with secondary properties http://clear.msu.edu/dennie/clipart/person.gif

Key themes


  • Primary qualities – size shape motion(particular to the object)
  • Secondary qualities – colour, taste, smell, sound (something experienced)
  • Hume – secondary qualities only exist in the mind. It is not until we turn to human experience – something mental – that we need the concept of colour, that we come across ‘colour experience’
  • Hume –when you pronounce any action or character to be vicious you mean nothing, but that … you have a feeling… of blame from the contemplation of it. Vice and virtue therefore, may be compared to sounds, colours, heat and cold, which… are not qualities in objects but perception in the mind’