How far have the Millenium Development Goals been met in Ethiopia?

The Millenium Development Goals arimed to improve lives in LIDCs. They were targets set by the United Nations (UN) in 2000 – all UN member states agreed to try to achieve the goals by 2015.

There were eight MDGs:

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  1. Halve the number of people living in extreme poverty or suffering from hunger.
  2. Make sure that all children had a primary education.
  3. Increase the number of girls and women in education and paid employment.
  4. Reduce death rates in children under five years old by two-thirds.
  5. Reduce death rates amongst women caused by pregnancy or childbirth by three-quarters.
  6. Stop the spread of major diseases, including HIV/AIDS and malaria.
  7. Protect the environment and make sure development was sustainable, while improving quality of life.
  8. Make sure that countries around the world worked together to help LIDCs develop.

The Millenium Development Goals have been partially met in Ethiopia…

Image result for correct tick = goal should be met                 Image result for incorrect cross = not likely to meet goal


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  • population living in poverty decreased from 60% in 1995 to 29% in 2015
  • unemployment still high
  • 40% children are malnourished
  • 28% population are food insecure or lacking essential nutrients

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  • 96% of children now enrol in primary school (50% in 1990)
  • However, literacy rate is low (49%) showing provision is not very effective
  • Very few females in secondary education

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  • Representation of women in government has increased from 2% in 2000 to 26% in 2015 (although close to UN target of 30%)
  • Education gap is closing with 93% girls enroling in primary school (43% in 2000)
  • Unemployment still higher for women

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  • Infant mortality reduced 97/1000 in 1990 to 45/1000 in 2015
  • Malaria still accounts for 20% deaths, diarrhoea another 20%
  • 65% children receive vaccinations
  • Rural areas lagging behind


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  • Maternal mortality decreased by 23%
  • 55% women now have access to contraception
  • Still some social stigma around family planning
  • Fewer forced pregnancies and average age of mothers is increasing


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  • HIV/AIDS pandemic has stabilised and new cases have declined but still 1.1 million adults living with HIV
  • 100% population can now access malaria nets and it reduced its malaria incidents by 50% between 2000-2012
  • 89% population live within 10km of a doctor but every doctor is shared between 3333 people


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  • Hydroelectric power has risen to 41% of energy
  • Access to safe drinking water has risen to 69% (but waterborne diseases are still common)
  • Urban areas have improved more rapidly
  • Soil erosion and desertification due to drought and over-farming


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  • Food/other aid contributes 30-50% of total external assistance
  • Still receiving $1500-2000 million in Official Development Assistance aid each year
  • National debt is 21% of total GDP but has declined massively since peak of 155% in 1995